设置curl和wget使用http https代理

Linux Shell 提供两个非常实用的命令来爬取网页,它们分别是 curl 和 wget

curl 和 wget 使用代理

  • curl 支持 http、https、socks4、socks5
  • wget 支持 http、https

代理示例:

#!/bin/bash
#
# curl 支持 http、https、socks4、socks5
# wget 支持 http、https
#


# http代理格式         http_proxy=http://IP:Port
# https代理格式         https_proxy=http://IP:Port

{'http': 'http://120.77.176.179:8888'}
curl -m 30 --retry 3 -x http://120.77.176.179:8888 http://proxy.mimvp.com/exist.php                    # http_proxy
wget -T 30 --tries 3 -e "http_proxy=http://120.77.176.179:8888" http://proxy.mimvp.com/exist.php          # http_proxy

{'https': 'http://46.105.214.133:3128'}
curl -m 30 --retry 3 --proxy-insecure -x http://46.105.214.133:3128 -k https://proxy.mimvp.com/exist.php                    # https_proxy
wget -T 30 --tries 3 --no-check-certificate -e "https_proxy=http://46.105.214.133:3128" https://proxy.mimvp.com/exist.php    # https_proxy


# curl  支持socks
{'socks4': '101.255.17.145:1080'}
curl -m 30 --retry 3 --socks4 101.255.17.145:1080 http://proxy.mimvp.com/exist.php

{'socks5': '82.164.233.227:45454'}
curl -m 30 --retry 3 --socks5 82.164.233.227:45454 http://proxy.mimvp.com/exist.php


# wget 不支持socks

wget 配置文件设置代理

vim ~/.wgetrc

http_proxy=http://120.77.176.179:8888:8080
https_proxy=http://12.7.17.17:8888:8080
use_proxy = on
wait = 30

wget -T 30 --tries 3 http://proxy.mimvp.com

Shell 设置临时局部代理

# proxy no auth
export http_proxy=http://120.77.176.179:8888:8080
export https_proxy=http://12.7.17.17:8888:8080

# proxy auth
export http_proxy=http://username:password@120.77.176.179:8888:8080
export https_proxy=http://username:password@12.7.17.17:8888:8080


# 取消设置
unset http_proxy
unset https_proxy

Shell 设置系统全局代理

# 修改 /etc/profile,保存并重启服务器
sudo vim /etc/profile        # 所有人有效
或
sudo vim ~/.bashrc        # 所有人有效
或
vim ~/.bash_profile        # 个人有效


# proxy no auth
export http_proxy=http://120.77.176.179:8888:8080
export https_proxy=http://12.7.17.17:8888:8080

# proxy auth
export http_proxy=http://username:password@120.77.176.179:8888:8080
export https_proxy=http://username:password@12.7.17.17:8888:8080

source /etc/profile
或
source ~/.bashrc
或
source ~/.bash_profile


sudo reboot
标签:WgetCurl 发布于:2019-11-13 16:52:28