heartbeat配置文件中英对照

ha.cf

#
# There are lots of options in this file. All you have to have is a set
# of nodes listed {“node …} one of {serial, bcast, mcast, or ucast},
# and a value for “auto_failback”.
# 这文件下面有很多的选项,你必须设置的有节点列表集{node …},{serial,bcast,mcast,或ucast}中的一个,auto_failback的值
#
# ATTENTION: As the configuration file is read line by line,
# THE ORDER OF DIRECTIVE MATTERS!
# 注意:配置文件是逐行读取的,并且选项的顺序是会影响最终结果的。
#
# In particular, make sure that the udpport, serial baud rate
# etc. are set before the heartbeat media are defined!
# debug and log file directives go into effect when they
# are encountered.
# 特别注意,确保udpport,serial baud rate等配置在心跳检测媒体(heartbeat media)前!他们将影响debug和log file指令。
# 也就是是在定义网卡,串口等心跳检测接口前先要定义端口号。
#
# All will be fine if you keep them ordered as in this example.
# 如果你保持他们在此例子中的顺序的话一切都不会有问题。
#
# Note on logging:
# If all of debugfile, logfile and logfacility are not defined,
# logging is the same as use_logd yes. In other case, they are
# respectively effective. if detering the logging to syslog,
# logfacility must be “none”.
# 记录日志方面的注意事项:
# 如果debugfile,logfile和logfacility都没有定义,日志记录就相当于use_logd yes。否则,他们将分别生效。如果要阻止记录日志到syslog,那么logfacility必须设置为“none”
#
# File to write debug messages to
# 写入debug消息的文件
#debugfile /var/log/ha-debug
#
#
# File to write other messages to
# 写入其他消息的文件
#logfile /var/log/ha-log
#
#
# Facility to use for syslog()/logger
# 用于syslog()/logger的设备
logfacility local0
#
#
# A note on specifying “how long” times below…
# 在下面指定多长时间时应该注意
# The default time unit is seconds
# 缺省的时间单位是秒
# 10 means ten seconds
# 10就代表10秒
#
# You can also specify them in milliseconds
# 1500ms means 1.5 seconds
# 你也可以指定他们以毫秒为单位
# 1500ms表示 1.5秒
#
# keepalive: how long between heartbeats?
# keepalive: 在heartbeat之间连接保持多久
#keepalive 2
#
# deadtime: how long-to-declare-host-dead?
# deadtime:
# If you set this too low you will get the problematic
# split-brain (or cluster partition) problem.
# See the FAQ for how to use warntime to tune deadtime.
# 如果这个时间值设置得太低可能会导致出现很难判断的问题,如何使用warntime来调节deadtime请查看FAQ。
#
#deadtime 30
#
# warntime: how long before issuing “late heartbeat” warning?
# See the FAQ for how to use warntime to tune deadtime.
#
#warntime 10
#
#
# Very first dead time (initdead)
#
# On some machines/OSes, etc. the network takes a while to come up
# and start working right after you’ve been rebooted. As a result
# we have a separate dead time for when things first come up.
# It should be at least twice the normal dead time.
# 在某些机器/操作系统等中,网络在机器重启后需要花一定的时间启动并正常工作。因此我们必须分开他们初次起来的dead time,这个值应该最少设置为两倍的正常dead time。
#
#initdead 120
#
#
# What UDP port to use for bcast/ucast communication?
# 用于bacst/ucast通讯的UDP端口
#
#udpport 694
#
# Baud rate for serial ports…
# 串口的波特率
#baud 19200
#
# serial serialportname …
# serial 串口名称
#serial /dev/ttyS0 # Linux
#serial /dev/cuaa0 # FreeBSD
#serial /dev/cuad0 # FreeBSD 6.x
#serial /dev/cua/a # Solaris
#
#
# What interfaces to broadcast heartbeats over?
# 广播heartbeats的接口
#
#bcast eth0 # Linux
#bcast eth1 eth2 # Linux
#bcast le0 # Solaris
#bcast le1 le2 # Solaris
#
# Set up a multicast heartbeat medium
# 设置一个多播心跳介质
# mcast [dev] [mcast group] [port] [ttl] [loop]
#
# [dev] device to send/rcv heartbeats on 发送/接收heartbeats的设备
# [mcast group] multicast group to join (class D multicast address 224.0.0.0 – 239.255.255.255) 加入到的多播组(D类多播地址224.0.0.0 – 239.255.255.255)
# [port] udp port to sendto/rcvfrom udp(set this value to the same value as “udpport” above) 端口用于发送/接收udp(设置这个值跟上面的udpport为相同值)
# [ttl] the ttl value for outbound heartbeats. this effects how far the multicast packet will propagate. (0-255) Must be greater than zero.
# 外流的heartbeats的ttl值。这个影响多播包能传播多远。(0-255)必须要大于0 。
# [loop] toggles loopback for outbound multicast heartbeats.if enabled, an outbound packet will be looped back and received by the interface it was sent # on. (0 or 1) Set this value to zero.
# 为多播heartbeat开关loopback。如果enabled,一个外流的包将被回环到原处并由发送它的接口接收。(0或者1)设置这个值为0。
#
#mcast eth0 225.0.0.1 694 1 0
#
# Set up a unicast / udp heartbeat medium
# 配置一个unicast / udp heartbeat 介质
# ucast [dev] [peer-ip-addr]
#
# [dev] device to send/rcv heartbeats on 用于发送/接收heartbeat的设备
# [peer-ip-addr] IP address of peer to send packets to 包被发送到的对等的IP地址
#
#ucast eth0 192.168.1.2
#
#
# About boolean values…
# 关于boolean值
# Any of the following case-insensitive values will work for true:
# 下面的非大小写敏感的值将认为是true:
# true, on, yes, y, 1
# Any of the following case-insensitive values will work for false:
# 下面的非大小写敏感的值将认为是false:
# false, off, no, n, 0
#
#
#
# auto_failback: determines whether a resource will
# automatically fail back to its “primary” node, or remain
# on whatever node is serving it until that node fails, or
# an administrator intervenes.
# auto_failback: 决定一个resource是否自动恢复到它的primary节点,或者不管什么节点,都继续运行在上面直到节点出现故障或管# 理员进行干预。
#
#
# The possible values for auto_failback are:
# auto_failback 的可能值有:
# on – enable automatic failbacks
# on – 允许自动failbacks
# off – disable automatic failbacks
# off – 禁止自动failbacks
# legacy – enable automatic failbacks in systems where all nodes do not yet support the auto_failback option.
# legacy – 在所有节点都还不支持auto_failback的选项中允许自动failbacks
# auto_failback “on” and “off” are backwards compatible with the old “nice_failback on” setting.
# auto_failback “on”和”off”向后兼容旧的”nice_failback on”设置。
#
# See the FAQ for information on how to convert from “legacy” to “on” without a flash cut.
# (i.e., using a “rolling upgrade” process)
# 查看FAQ获取如何从”legacy”转为到”on”并不会闪断的信息。
#
#
# The default value for auto_failback is “legacy”, which
# will issue a warning at startup. So, make sure you put
# an auto_failback directive in your ha.cf file.
# (note: auto_failback can be any boolean or “legacy”)
# 缺省的auto_failback值是“legacy”,它在启动的时候会发送一个警告。因此,确保你在ha.cf文件中配置了auto_failback指令。
#
auto_failback on
#
#
# Basic STONITH support
# Using this directive assumes that there is one stonith
# device in the cluster. Parameters to this device are
# read from a configuration file. The format of this line is:
# 基本上STONITH支持
# 使用这个指令假设有一个stonith设备在集群中。这个设备的参数从一个配置文件中读取,这行的格式是:
#
# stonith
#
# NOTE: it is up to you to maintain this file on each node in the
# cluster!
# 注意:在集群中的每个节点上的这个文件都靠你去维护。
#
#stonith baytech /etc/ha.d/conf/stonith.baytech
#
# STONITH support
# You can configure multiple stonith devices using this directive.
# 你可以使用这个指令配置多个stonith设备:
# The format of the line is:
# 这行的格式是:
# stonith_host #
# is the machine the stonith device is attached to or * to mean it is accessible from any host.
# 表示stonith设备联结到的机器或者用*来表示从任何主机都可以访问。
# is the type of stonith device (a list of supported drives is in /usr/lib/stonith.)
# 是stonith设备的类型(支持的设备的列表在/usr/lib/stonith中)
# are driver specific parameters. To see the format for a particular device, run:
# 是驱动指定的参数,要查看特定设备的格式,运行:
# stonith -l -t
#
#
# Note that if you put your stonith device access information in
# here, and you make this file publically readable, you’re asking
# for a denial of service attack
# 需要注意如果你将你的stonith设备的访问信息放在这里,并且你让这个文件开放读权限,那么你是在召唤一个DoS攻击。
#
# To get a list of supported stonith devices, run
# 要得到支持的stonith设备的列表,运行
# stonith -L
#
# For detailed information on which stonith devices are supported
# and their detailed configuration options, run this command:
# 要哪个stonith设备是支持的详细信息和它们详细的配置选项,运行这个命令:
# stonith -h
#
#stonith_host * baytech 10.0.0.3 mylogin mysecretpassword
#stonith_host ken3 rps10 /dev/ttyS1 kathy 0
#stonith_host kathy rps10 /dev/ttyS1 ken3 0
#
# Watchdog is the watchdog timer. If our own heart doesn’t beat for
# a minute, then our machine will reboot.
# Watchdog是一个watchdog计时器,如果我们的心超过一分钟不跳,我们的机器将会reboot。
#
# NOTE: If you are using the software watchdog, you very likely
# wish to load the module with the parameter “nowayout=0″ or
# compile it without CONFIG_WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT set. Otherwise even
# an orderly shutdown of heartbeat will trigger a reboot, which is
# very likely NOT what you want.
# 注意:如果你使用软件watchdog,你很可能希望用参数“nowayout=0”来加载这个模块或编译它的时候去掉
# CONFIG_WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT设置。否则,即使一个有序的关闭heartbeat也会触发重启,这很可能不是你想要的。
#
#watchdog /dev/watchdog
#
# Tell what machines are in the cluster
# 说明说明机器在这个集群里面
# node nodename … — must match uname -n
# node nodename … –必须要匹配uname -n
#node ken3
#node kathy
#
# Less common options…
# 非常用的选项
# Treats 10.10.10.254 as a psuedo-cluster-member
# Used together with ipfail below…
# note: don’t use a cluster node as ping node
# 将10.10.10.254看成一个伪集群成员,与下面的ipfail一起使用。
# 注意:不要使用一个集群节点作为ping节点
#
#ping 10.10.10.254
#
# Treats 10.10.10.254 and 10.10.10.253 as a psuedo-cluster-member
# called group1. If either 10.10.10.254 or 10.10.10.253 are up
# then group1 is up
# Used together with ipfail below…
# 将10.10.10.254和10.10.10.254看成一个叫group1的伪集群成员。如果10.10.10.254或10.10.10.253是up的,那么group1为up
# 与下面的ipfail一起使用。
#
#ping_group group1 10.10.10.254 10.10.10.253
#
# HBA ping derective for Fiber Channel
# Treats fc-card-name as psudo-cluster-member
# used with ipfail below …
# 用于Fiber Channel的HBA ping指令,将fc-card-name看成是伪集群成员,与下面的ipfail一起使用。
#
# You can obtain HBAAPI from http://hbaapi.sourceforge.net. You need
# to get the library specific to your HBA directly from the vender
# To install HBAAPI stuff, all You need to do is to compile the common
# part you obtained from the sourceforge. This will produce libHBAAPI.so
# which you need to copy to /usr/lib. You need also copy hbaapi.h to
# /usr/include.
# 你可以从http://hbaapi.sourceforge.net获取HBAAPI,你需要从vender获得用于你的HBA指令的特定的库来安装HBAAPI。
# 你所需要做的是编译你从sourceforge获得的通用部分,它会生成libHBAAPI.so,然后你要将它拷贝到/usr/lib目录。同时
# 你也要吧hbaapi.h拷贝到/usr/include 。
#
# The fc-card-name is the name obtained from the hbaapitest program
# that is part of the hbaapi package. Running hbaapitest will produce
# a verbose output. One of the first line is similar to:
# Apapter number 0 is named: qlogic-qla2200-0
# Here fc-card-name is qlogic-qla2200-0.
# fc-card-name是从hbaapitest程序获取的名字,它是hbaapi包的一部分。运行hbaapitest将生成一个冗长的输出,其中第一行类似:
# Apapter number 0 is named: qlogic-qla2200-0
# 在这里fc-card-name是qlogic-qla2200-0
#
#hbaping fc-card-name
#
#
# Processes started and stopped with heartbeat. Restarted unless
# they exit with rc=100
# 与heartbeat一起启动和停止的进程。重启,除非它们的以rc=100退出。
#
#respawn userid /path/name/to/run
#respawn hacluster /usr/lib/heartbeat/ipfail
#
# Access control for client api
# default is no access
# 用于客户端api的访问控制,缺省为不可访问。
#
#apiauth client-name gid=gidlist uid=uidlist
#apiauth ipfail gid=haclient uid=hacluster
###########################
#
# Unusual options.
# 非常选项
###########################
#
# hopfudge maximum hop count minus number of nodes in config
#hopfudge 1
#
# deadping – dead time for ping nodes 上面设置的用来ping的节点的死亡时间
#deadping 30
#
# hbgenmethod – Heartbeat generation number creation method,Normally these are stored on disk and incremented as needed.
# hbgenmethod – Heartbeat产生数字的生产方法。通常执行存储在磁盘上并在需要时进行增量。
#
#hbgenmethod time
#
# realtime – enable/disable realtime execution (high priority, etc.) defaults to on
# realtime – 允许/禁止实时执行(高优先级)缺省为on
#realtime off
#
# debug – set debug level .defaults to zero
# debug – 设置debug等级,缺省为0
#debug 1
#
# API Authentication – replaces the fifo-permissions-based system of the past
# APT认证 – 代替以前的fifo-permission-base系统
#
# You can put a uid list and/or a gid list.If you put both, then a process is authorized if it qualifies under either the uid list, or under the gid list.
# 可以放上一个uid列表和/或gid列表。如果两个都放,那么符合uid列表或gid列表中的进程都将通过验证
#
#
# The groupname “default” has special meaning. If it is specified, then
# this will be used for authorizing groupless clients, and any client groups
# not otherwise specified.
# 组名“default”有特定的意思。如果它被指定,那么它将用于验证无组的客户端和任何没有另外指定的客户组
#
# There is a subtle exception to this. “default” will never be used in the
# following cases (actual default auth directives noted in brackets)
# 这是一个复杂的表达式,“default”将从不用于下面的情况(现实中缺省的验证指令记录在括号中)
# ipfail (uid=HA_CCMUSER)
# ccm (uid=HA_CCMUSER)
# ping (gid=HA_APIGROUP)
# cl_status (gid=HA_APIGROUP)
#
# This is done to avoid creating a gaping security hole and matches the most likely desired configuration.
# 它避免生成一个安全漏洞缺口并匹配到了可能很多人最渴望的配置。
#
#apiauth ipfail uid=hacluster
#apiauth ccm uid=hacluster
#apiauth cms uid=hacluster
#apiauth ping gid=haclient uid=alanr,root
#apiauth default gid=haclient
# message format in the wire, it can be classic or netstring,
# default: classic
# 网线中的信息格式,可以是classic或netstring
#
#msgfmt classic/netstring
#
# Do we use logging daemon?
# If logging daemon is used, logfile/debugfile/logfacility in this file
# are not meaningful any longer. You should check the config file for logging
# daemon (the default is /etc/logd.cf)
# more infomartion can be fould in http://www.linux-ha.org/ha_2ecf_2fUseLogdDirective
# Setting use_logd to “yes” is recommended
# 我们是否使用记录监控?
# 如果使用了记录监控,此文件里面的logfile/debugfile/logfacility将不再有意义。你应该检查在配置文件中是否有记录监控(缺省为/etc/logd.cf)
# 更多的信息可以在http://www.linux-ha.org/ha_2ecf_2fUseLogdDirective中找到。推荐配置use_logd为yes。
#
# use_logd yes/no
#
# the interval we reconnect to logging daemon if the previous connection failed
# default: 60 seconds
# 如果前一个连接失败了,我们再次连接到记录监控器的间隔。
#conn_logd_time 60
#
#
# Configure compression module
# It could be zlib or bz2, depending on whether u have the corresponding
# library in the system.
# 配置压缩模块
# 它可以为zlib或bz2,基于我们的系统中是否有相应的库。
#
#compression bz2
#
# Confiugre compression threshold
# This value determines the threshold to compress a message,
# e.g. if the threshold is 1, then any message with size greater than 1 KB
# will be compressed, the default is 2 (KB)
# 配置压缩的限度
# 这个值决定压缩一个信息的限度,例如:如果限度为1,那么任何大于1KB的消息都会被压缩,缺省为2(KB)
#compression_threshold 2

haresources

#
# This is a list of resources that move from machine to machine as
# nodes go down and come up in the cluster. Do not include
# “administrative” or fixed IP addresses in this file.
# 这是当集群中的节点拓机和启动时从一台机器转移到另一台机器的resources列表,不要包含管理或已用IP地址在这个文件中。
#
#
# The haresources files MUST BE IDENTICAL on all nodes of the cluster.
# 此haresources文件在所有的集群节点中都必须相同
# The node names listed in front of the resource group information
# is the name of the preferred node to run the service. It is
# not necessarily the name of the current machine. If you are running
# auto_failback ON (or legacy), then these services will be started
# up on the preferred nodes – any time they’re up.
# 列在resource组信息前的节点名称是优先运行服务的节点名称,它不需要是当前机器的名称,如果你运行auto_failback on(或者
# legacy),那么这些服务将会在优先节点启动,只要它们是运行的。
#
# If you are running with auto_failback OFF, then the node information
# will be used in the case of a simultaneous start-up, or when using
# the hb_standby {foreign,local} command.
# 如果你运行auto_failback off,那么节点信息将使用在同时启动的情况,或当使用hb_standby {foreign,local}命令时。
#
# BUT FOR ALL OF THESE CASES, the haresources files MUST BE IDENTICAL.
# If your files are different then almost certainly something
# won’t work right.
# 但是对于所有的这些情况,此haresources文件都必须相同。如果你的文件不同那么肯定有某些东西将不能正常工作。
#
#
#
# We refer to this file when we’re coming up, and when a machine is being
# taken over after going down.
# 我们在起动的时候和一个机器停机后被接管的时候参考这个文件。
#
# You need to make this right for your installation, then install it in
# /etc/ha.d
# 你必须让它符合你的安装,然后安装它到/etc/ha.d目录。
#
# Each logical line in the file constitutes a “resource group”.
# A resource group is a list of resources which move together from
# one node to another – in the order listed. It is assumed that there
# is no relationship between different resource groups. These
# resource in a resource group are started left-to-right, and stopped
# right-to-left. Long lists of resources can be continued from line
# to line by ending the lines with backslashes (“\”).
# 在文件里面的每个逻辑行组成一个“resource group”。一个resource group就是从一个节点移动到另一个的resources的列表。
# 可以假设不同的resource groups之间是没有关系的。resource group的resource启动时是从左到右的。关闭时是从右到左的。
# 长的resources列表可以以反斜杠(“\”)结尾来续行。
#
# These resources in this file are either IP addresses, or the name
# of scripts to run to “start” or “stop” the given resource.
# 在 这个文件里面的resources可以是IP地址,也可以是用于“start”或“stop”给定的resource的脚本名称
#
# The format is like this:
#
#node-name resource1 resource2 … resourceN
#
#
# If the resource name contains an :: in the middle of it, the
# part after the :: is passed to the resource script as an argument.
# Multiple arguments are separated by the :: delimeter
# 如果resource的名称包含一个::在它的中间,在::后面的部分会传递给resource的脚本中作为一个参数,多个参数会以::分割。
#
# In the case of IP addresses, the resource script name IPaddr is implied.
# 在IP地址的情况中,resource脚本名称IPaddr是隐含的。
#
# For example, the IP address 135.9.8.7 could also be represented
# as IPaddr::135.9.8.7
# 例如:IP地址135.9.8.7也可以被表现为IPaddr::135.9.8.7
#
# THIS IS IMPORTANT!! vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
#
# The given IP address is directed to an interface which has a route
# to the given address. This means you have to have a net route
# set up outside of the High-Availability structure. We don’t set it
# up here — we key off of it.
# 给定的IP地址会直接连到有路由到给定的地址的接口上,这也就意味着你必须要在 High-Availability 外部配置一个网络路由。我们不在这里配置,我们切断它。
#
# The broadcast address for the IP alias that is created to support
# an IP address defaults to the highest address on the subnet.
# IP别名的广播地址将被缺省创建为支持IP地址的子网里的最高地址
#
# The netmask for the IP alias that is created defaults to the same
# netmask as the route that it selected in in the step above.
# IP别名的子网掩码将被缺省创建为与上面选择的路由相同的子网掩码
#
# The base interface for the IPalias that is created defaults to the
# same netmask as the route that it selected in the step above.
# IP别名的基础接口将被缺省创建为与上面选择的路由相同的子网掩码
#
# If you want to specify that this IP address is to be brought up
# on a subnet with a netmask of 255.255.255.0, you would specify
# this as IPaddr::135.9.8.7/24 .
# 如果你想要指定某个IP地址用指定的子网掩码来启动,那么像这样指定它 IPaddr::135.9.8.7/24
#
# If you wished to tell it that the broadcast address for this subnet
# was 135.9.8.210, then you would specify that this way:
# IPaddr::135.9.8.7/24/135.9.8.210
# 如果你想要指明这个子网的广播地址为135.9.8.210,那么可以像这样指定 IPaddr::135.9.8.7/24/135.9.8.210
#
# If you wished to tell it that the interface to add the address to
# is eth0, then you would need to specify it this way:
# IPaddr::135.9.8.7/24/eth0
# 如果你希望指明要增加地址的接口是eth0,那么你需要像这样指定 IPaddr::135.9.8.7/24/eth0
#
# And this way to specify both the broadcast address and the
# interface:
# IPaddr::135.9.8.7/24/eth0/135.9.8.210
# 同时指定广播地址和接口的方法为:
# IPaddr::135.9.8.7/24/eth0/135.9.8.210
#
# The IP addresses you list in this file are called “service” addresses,
# since they’re the publicly advertised addresses that clients
# use to get at highly available services.
# 列表在这个文件中的IP地址叫做服务地址,它们是客户端用于获取高可用服务的公共通告地址
#
# For a hot/standby (non load-sharing) 2-node system with only a single service address,
# you will probably only put one system name and one IP address in here.
# The name you give the address to is the name of the default “hot”
# system.
# 对于一个hot/standby(非共享负载)单服务地址的双节点系统,你可能只需要放置一个系统名称和一个IP地址在这里。你给定的地址对应的名字就是缺省的hot系统的名字。
#
# Where the nodename is the name of the node which “normally” owns the
# resource. If this machine is up, it will always have the resource
# it is shown as owning.
# 节点名称就是正常情况下拥有resource的节点的名称。如果此机器是up的,他将一直拥有以拥有显示的resource。
#
# The string you put in for nodename must match the uname -n name
# of your machine. Depending on how you have it administered, it could
# be a short name or a FQDN.
# 设置作为节点名称的字符串必须匹配在机器上使用uname -n获得的名字。基于你如果进行管理,它可能是一个缩写名称或一个FQDN。
#
#——————————————————————-
#
# Simple case: One service address, default subnet and netmask
# No servers that go up and down with the IP address
# 简单情况:一个服务地址,缺省子网和掩码,没有服务与IP地址一起启动和关闭
#
#just.linux-ha.org 135.9.216.110
#
#——————————————————————-
#
# Assuming the adminstrative addresses are on the same subnet…
# A little more complex case: One service address, default subnet
# and netmask, and you want to start and stop http when you get
# the IP address…
# 假定管理地址在相同的子网…
# 稍微复杂一些的情况:一个服务地址,缺省子网和子网掩码,同时你要在获得IP地址的时候启动和停止http。
#
#just.linux-ha.org 135.9.216.110 http
#——————————————————————-
#
# A little more complex case: Three service addresses, default subnet
# and netmask, and you want to start and stop http when you get
# the IP address…
# 稍微复杂一些的情况:三个服务地址,缺省子网和掩码,同时你要在获得IP地址的时候启动和停止http。
#
#just.linux-ha.org 135.9.216.110 135.9.215.111 135.9.216.112 httpd
#——————————————————————-
#
# One service address, with the subnet, interface and bcast addr
# explicitly defined.
# 一个服务地址,显式指定子网,接口,广播地址
#
#just.linux-ha.org 135.9.216.3/28/eth0/135.9.216.12 httpd
#
#——————————————————————-
#
# An example where a shared filesystem is to be used.
# Note that multiple aguments are passed to this script using
# the delimiter ‘::’ to separate each argument.
# 一个使用共享文件系统的例子
# 需要注意用’::’分隔的多个参数被传递到了这个脚本
#
#node1 10.0.0.170 Filesystem::/dev/sda1::/data1::ext2
#
# Regarding the node-names in this file:
# 关于这个文件中的节点名称:
# They must match the names of the nodes listed in ha.cf, which in turn
# must match the `uname -n` of some node in the cluster. So they aren’t
# virtual in any sense of the word.
# 它们必须匹配在ha.cf中列出的节点名称,依次必须匹配集群中的某些节点’unmae -n’的结果。所以它们不是对于词的虚假感觉。
#

authkeys

#
# Authentication file. Must be mode 600
# 验证文件。模式必须为600
#
# Must have exactly one auth directive at the front.
# auth send authentication using this method-id
# 必须有且只有一个auth指令在前面
# auth method-id 使用这个方法id发送验证
#
# Then, list the method and key that go with that method-id
# 然后列出方法和该方法的密钥
#
# Available methods: crc sha1, md5. Crc doesn’t need/want a key.
# 可用的模块:crc、sha1、md5。其中crc不需要一个密钥。
#
# You normally only have one authentication method-id listed in this file
# 通常只放置一个验证方法id在这个文件中
#
# Put more than one to make a smooth transition when changing auth
# methods and/or keys.
# 可以放置多于一个来使得进行验证方法和/或密钥更改的过渡变得平滑
#
#
# sha1 is believed to be the “best”, md5 next best.
# sha1被认为是最好的,md5第二。
#
# crc adds no security, except from packet corruption.
# Use only on physically secure networks.
# 除了防止包格式改变,crc不加安全保护。只能使用在物理上的安全网络。
#
#auth 1
#1 crc
#2 sha1 HI!
#3 md5 Hello!
转自:HA配置文件中英对照之ha.cf
HA配置文件中英对照之haresources
HA配置文件中英对照之authkeys

发布于:2019-11-24 02:36:17